In tropical area, many algae species, especially those of Symbiodinium family,) are commonly called “zooxanthellae” having symbiotic relationship with corals. Through this symbiotic relationship, many compounds are transported from zooxanthellae to host tissues, among those, lipids and fatty acids are considered as very important organic compounds. This paper presents the results of quantitative correlations between the content and composition of lipid and fatty acids in zooxanthellae and host tissues of several marine coral species in Vietnam. The results not only identify the mechanism of biosynthesis and transportation of lipids and fatty acids between coral polyps and zooxanthellae, but also support in assessing the resilience to environmental changes of different coral species when using the two important organic compounds.
Full text article
. Patton JS, Burris JE (1983) Lipid synthesis and extrusion by freshly isolated zooxanthellae (symbiotic algae). Mar Biol 75:131–136.
. Dalsgaard J, John MS, Kattner G, Muller-Navarra D, Hagen W (2003) Fatty acid trophic markers in the pelagic marine environment. Adv Mar Biol 46:225–340.
. Harland AD, Navarro JC, Davies PS, Fixter LM (1993) Lipids of some Caribbean and Red Sea corals: total lipid, was esters, triglycerides and fatty acids. Mar Biol 117:113–117
. Ward S (1995) Two patterns of energy allocation for growth, reproduction and lipid storage in the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis. Coral Reefs 14:87–90
. 6. Banaszak AT, Santos MG, LaJeunesse TG, Lesser MP (2006) The distribution of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) and the phylogenetic identity of symbiotic dinoflagellates in cnidarians hosts from the Mexican Caribbean. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 337:131–146