Hang Tran Thi Minh, Chou Loke Ming, Hien Bui Thi Thu

Giới thiệu

By 2020, Vietnam have established 11 Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) although planned to have 16 MPAs by 2020 according to Prime Minister Decision No.472 dated May 26th 2010. This paper attempts to provide an overview of the current progress of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Vietnam using a combined quantitative and qualitative evaluation methodology. A cross analysis and evaluation of 8 MPAs was performed using a score - card survey where MPAs were scored by 44 indicators in a framework recommended by the IUCN - WCPA. The research was carried out at the national and local levels of coastal governance and employed various data collection methodologies including in - depth interviews, field observations, electronic survey and secondary data mining. To further confirm the evaluation results, a study of project stakeholders’ perceptions on the factors affecting the management effectiveness and sustainability of MPAs was conducted. Strong correlations between the results from the theory - based evaluations and the perception study were discovered. The most significant factors identified to improve MPA effectiveness include political will, sustainable financing, coordination mechanism, socio - economic contribution and obvious outcome.

Toàn văn bài báo

Được tạo từ tệp XML

Trích dẫn

[1]. Blanco, R. & Gabaldon, M (1992). The evaluation of natural protected area systems: A numeric method. Parks, 3(1), 11 - 13.
[2]. Corrales, L (2004). Manual for the Rapid Evaluation of Management Effectiveness in Marine Protected Areas of Mesoamerica. PROARCA/APM, USAID, TNC, Guatemala City, Guatemala.
[3]. Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Dudley, N., Leverington, F. & Courrau, J (2006). Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. (2nd ed), IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xiv + 105 pp.
[4]. Hockings, M., Stolton, S. & Dudley, N (2000). Evaluating effectiveness: A framework for assessing the management of protected areas. World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 9, IUCN Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
[5]. Jones, PJS, Qiu W, and De Santo EM (2011). Governing Marine Protected Areas - Getting the Balance Right. Technical Report, United Nations Environment Programme.
[6]. Kelleher, G. & Kenchington, R (1992). Guidelines for Establishing Marine Protected Areas. A Marine Conservation and Development Report. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
[7]. Leverington, F., Hockings, M., & Costa, K. L (2008). Management effectiveness evaluation in protected areas: a global study. Supplementary Report No1: Overview of approaches and methodologies. World Commission on Protected Areas.
[8]. Leverington, F., Costa, K.M., Courrau, J., Pavese, H., Nolte, C., Marr, M., Coad, L., Burgess, N., Bomhard, B., Hockings, M (2010). Management effectiveness evaluation in protected areas - A global study (2nd ed.) The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
[9]. Lubchenco J. and Grorud - Colvert K (2015). Making waves: The science and politics of ocean protection. Science 350 (6259), 382 - 383.
[10]. Pomeroy, R. S., Parks, J. E & Watson, L. M. (2004). How is your MPA Doing?. A guidebook of natural and social indicators for evaluating marine protected area management effectiveness, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
[11]. Staub, F. & Hatziolos, M. E (2004). Score card to assess progress in achieving management effectiveness goals for marine protected areas (p. 30). Washington, DC: World Bank.
[12]. Thong, N. Q. (2010). Vietnam plans a dozen new marine reserves for next five years. Thanh Nien News.
[13]. Tran, T. M. H., Chou, L. M. & Nguyen, T. T. H. (2012). Increasing public participation through awareness raising: A case study in Trao reef marine reserve, Vietnam. Journal of Environment and Natural Resources Research.
[14]. Tran, T. M. H và Chou, L. M (2019). Evaluating the effectiveness of integrated coastal management initiatives in Vietnam. Journal of Science on Natural Resources and Environment. Number 25, pp. 55 - 66.
[15]. UNEP-WCMC IUCN (2017). Report of the fourth international marine protected areas congress (IMPAC4). Chile.
[16]. Vietnam Department of Fisheries (D-FISH) (2019). Report on conference of Vietnam marine protected areas implementation. Hanoi.
[17]. Wood, L. J., Fish, L., Laughren, J., & Pauly, D (2008). Assessing progress towards global marine protection targets: shortfalls in information and action. Oryx, 42(3), 340 - 351.

Các tác giả

Hang Tran Thi Minh
hangtm.vn@gmail.com (Liên hệ chính)
Chou Loke Ming
Hien Bui Thi Thu
Tran Thi Minh, H., Loke Ming, C., & Bui Thi Thu, H. (2022). 12. MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS EVALUATION OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN VIETNAM. Tạp Chí Khoa học Tài Nguyên Và Môi trường, (39), 119–132. Truy vấn từ https://tapchikhtnmt.hunre.edu.vn/index.php/tapchikhtnmt/article/view/386

Chi tiết bài viết

Các bài báo tương tự

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

Bạn cũng có thể bắt đầu một tìm kiếm tương tự nâng cao cho bài báo này.