05. Social vulnerability of rice-based farming households to salinity intrusion in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta

Danh Võ Thành, Khải Huỳnh Việt, Khôi Phan Đình, Trúc Ngô Thị Thanh, Ngân Nguyễn Văn, Hằng Trương Thị Thúy

Abstract

This study aims to assess social vulnerability index to salinity intrusion and propose recommendations to decrease damages and increase adaptive capacity to rice-based farming households (rice and rice-shrimp) in the Mekong Delta. Data were randomly collected at 800 rice farmers in the coastal regions of 88 communes at 38 districts in 7 provinces by questionnaires for the social vulnerability index calculation. The findings showed that the social vulnerability index was at average. The low adaptability, overwhelming the potential loss and the household coping capacity leads to high vulnerability. The results also found that rice farms were less socially vulnerable than rice-shrimp farms. Households living next to coastal areas were more socially vulnerable than those in inland areas. In addition, education, culture area, agricultural production model and finance status were the determinants of rice-based farmers’ adaptive capacity. Recommendations for reducing potential losses and enhancing the resilience and adaptive capacity of rice farmers to salinity intrusion were proposed.

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

[1]. Adger, W.N., (1999). Social vulnerability to climate change and extremes in coastal Vietnam. World Development, 27(2), 249 - 269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00136-3.
[2]. Aung T.O., Huylenbroeck G,V., Speelman S. (2018). Assessment of climate change vulnerability of farm households in Pyapon District, a delta region in Myanmar. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, (28) 10 - 21.
[3]. International Panel on Climate Change (2001). Synthesis report. Cambridge University Press. UK.
[4]. Keskinen, M., S. Chinvanno, M. Kummu, P. Nuorteva, A. Snidvongs, O. Varis, & K.V. Stila (2010). Climate change and water resources in the lower Mekong River basin: Putting adaptation into the context. Journal of Water and Climate Change 1(2) 103 - 117.
[5]. Kotera, A., Sakamoto, T., Nguyen Duy Khang, Yokozawa Massayuki (2008). Regional consequences of seawater intrusion on rice productivity and land use in the coastal area of the Mekong River Delta. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 42 (4), 267 - 274.
[6]. Nguyen Ngoc Thuy, Hoang Ha Anh (2015). Vulnerability of rice production in Mekong River delta under impacts from floods, salinity and climate change. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Intermation Technology 5(4) 21 - 27.
[7]. Nguyễn Thanh Bình, Lâm Huôn, Thạch Sô Phanh (2012). Đánh giá mức độ tổn thương và khả năng thích nghi với XNM tại vùng duyên hải ĐBSCL, Việt Nam. Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ, (24b) 229 - 239.
[8]. Niên giám thống kê (2020).
[9]. Rabbani G., Rahman A., Mainuddin K. (2013). Salinity-induced loss and damage to farming households in coastal Bangladesh. International Journal of Global Warming, 5(4) 400 - 415.
[10]. Thái Minh Tín, Võ Quang Minh, Trần Đình Vinh, Trần Hồng Điệp (2017). Đánh giá tính dễ tổn thương đối với đất nông nghiệp trong điều kiện BĐKH cho các tỉnh ven biển phía Đông ĐBSCL. Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ. Số chuyên đề: Môi trường và Biến đổi khí hậu, (1) 137 - 145.
[11]. Triet, N.V.K., Dung, N.V., Fujii, H., Kummu, M., Merz, B., Apel, H., (2017). Has dyke development in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta shifted flood hazard downstream? Journal of Hydrology Earth System Sciences (21) 3991 - 4010, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-3991-2017.
[12]. Tuong, T. P., Kam, S. P., Hoanh, C. T., Dung, L. C., Khiem, N. T., Barr J, Ben, D. C., (2003). Impact of seawater intrusion control on the environment, land use and household incomes in the coastal area. Paddy Water Environment (1), 65 - 73.
[13]. Võ Thành Danh (2014). Đánh giá năng lực thích nghi đối với XNM trong sản xuất nông nghiệp tại các vùng ven biển ĐBSCL. Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ (36b) 64 - 71.
[14]. Asia Development Bank (2011): Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: Climate change impact and adaptation study in the Mekong delta (Cofinanced by the Climate Change Fund and the Government of Australia). https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-document/74145/43295-012-vie-tacr-02-vi.pdf.
[15]. Wassmann, R., Hien, N., Hoanh, C., Tuong, T., (2004). Sea level rise affecting the Vietnamese Mekong delta: Water elevation in the flood season and implications for rice production. Climatic Change, (66) 89 - 107.
[16]. White I., (1996). Possible impacts of saline water intrusion floodgates in Vietnam’s lower Mekong delta. http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/env_dev/papers/pap07.html.

Authors

Danh Võ Thành
vtdanh@ctu.edu.vn (Primary Contact)
Khải Huỳnh Việt
Khôi Phan Đình
Trúc Ngô Thị Thanh
Ngân Nguyễn Văn
Hằng Trương Thị Thúy
Võ Thành, D., Huỳnh Việt, K., Phan Đình, K., Ngô Thị Thanh, T., Nguyễn Văn, N., & Trương Thị Thúy, H. (2022). 05. Social vulnerability of rice-based farming households to salinity intrusion in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta . Science Journal of Natural Resources and Environment, (40), 41–58. Retrieved from http://tapchikhtnmt.hunre.edu.vn/index.php/tapchikhtnmt/article/view/394
##submission.license.notAvailable##

Article Details

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

10. Using the WQI index to assess water quality in Quy Nhon city from 2015 to 2020

Vi Nguyễn Thị Tường, Trang Trương Thị Thùy
Abstract View : 57
Download :20

05. Quantification of surface water balance components of Day river basin by SWAT model

Tùng Tống Thanh, Hương Bùi Quang, Duy Hoàng Văn
Abstract View : 33
Download :3